Definitions of Therapeutic Properties

A

Adaptogenic – (Medicine) acting to normalize and regulate the systems of the body: adaptogenic herbs.

Analgesic – a remedy that relieves or allays pain.

Anaphrodisiac – exciting or heightening sexual desire.

Anesthetic – an agent that causes loss of sensation with or without the loss of consciousness.

Anthelmintic – an agent that destroys or causes the expulsion of parasitic intestinal worms.

Antiarthritic – of or relating to a medicine or therapy that relieves the symptoms of arthritis.

Antibacterial – destructive to or inhibiting the growth of bacteria.

Anticarcinogenic – pertaining to a substance or device that neutralizes the effects of a cancer-causing substance.

Anticatarrhal – Efficacious against catarrh.
(catarrh) inflammation of a mucous membrane in humans or animals; especially :  one chronically affecting the human nose and air passages.

Anticonvulsant – preventing or alleviating convulsions.

Anticoagulant – a substance that prevents the clotting of blood.

Antidepressant – used or tending to relieve or prevent psychic depression.

Antidiabetic – acting against or preventing diabetes.

Antidiarrheal – tending to prevent or relieve diarrhea.

Antidote – a medicine or other remedy for counteracting the effects of poison, disease, etc.

Antiemetic – used or tending to prevent or check vomiting.

Antifungal – – substances that destroy Fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce.

Anti-HaematomaAnti – Opposed to; against. Haematoma – a mass of usually clotted blood that forms in a tissue, organ, or body space as a result of a broken blood vessel

Antihemorrhagic – any drug or agent used to prevent or control bleeding, such as thromboplastin or thrombin, either of which mediates the blood-clotting process.

Antihistamine – any of various compounds that counteract histamine in the body and that are used for treating allergic reactions (as hay fever) and cold symptoms.

Anti-Infectious – (anti-infective) capable of preventing or counteracting infection.

Anti-Inflammatory – acting to reduce certain signs of inflammation, as swelling, tenderness, fever, and pain.

Anti-Influenza – used to prevent influenza.

Antinociceptive the action or process of blocking the detection of a painful or injurious stimulus by sensory neurons

Antimicrobial – tending to destroy microbes, to prevent their multiplication or growth, or to prevent their pathogenic action.

Antimutagenic – reducing the rate of mutation .

Antineuralgic –  an agent that relieves neuralgia. (Neuralgia is defined as an intense burning or stabbing pain caused by irritation of or damage to a nerve.)

Antioxidant – an agent that inhibits oxidation; any of numerous chemical substances including certain natural body products and nutrients that can neutralize the oxidant effect of free radicals and other substances.

Antiparasitic – destroying or inhibiting the growth and reproduction of human or animal parasites.

Antiphlogistic – countering inflammation and fever.

Antiplatelet – acting against or destroying blood platelets.

Antiproliferative – used or tending to inhibit cell growth.

Antirheumatic – denoting an agent that suppresses manifestations of rheumatic disease; usually applied to anti-inflammatory agents or agents that are capable of delaying progression of the basic disease process in inflammatory arthritis.

Antiseborrheic – preventing or relieving excessive secretion of sebum; preventing or relieving seborrheic dermatitis.

Antiseptic – opposing sepsis, putrefaction, or decay; especially :  preventing or arresting the growth of microorganisms (as on living tissue).

Antisexual – opposed to sexuality or sexual activity.

Antispasmodic – capable of preventing or relieving spasms or convulsions.

Antistress – acting to prevent or reduce stress.

Antitoxic – counteracting toxic influences.

Antitussive – tending or having the power to act as a cough suppressant.

Anti-venomous – opposing the action of venom.

Antiviral – an agent effective against viruses.

Anxiolytic – preventing or reducing anxiety; anti-anxiety.

Aperitif – an appetite stimulant.

Aphrodisiac – promoting sexual desire or performance.

Astringent – a substance that contracts the tissues or canals of the body, thereby diminishing discharges, as of mucus or blood.

B

Bactericidal – Causing the death of bacteria.

Balsamic – a substance that can soften and reduce mucus.

Bechic – a cough suppressant.

Bronchodilatory – causing an increase in caliber of a bronchus or bronchial tube.

C

Calming – soothing; tranquilizing.

Calmative – Having relaxing or pacifying properties; sedative.

Cardiac – Of, near, or relating to the heart: cardiac arteries.

Cardiotonic – having a positive effect on cardiac function.

Carminative – a drug causing expulsion of gas from the stomach or bowel.

Catalyst – A substance that starts or speeds up a chemical reaction while undergoing no permanent change itself.

Cephalic – of or relating to the head.

Cholagogue – an agent that promotes an increased flow of bile.

Circulatory – of or pertaining to circulation or to the circulatory system.

Cicatrisant – promoting the healing of a wound or the formation of a cicatrix (fibrous tissue that results in a scar).

Cooling – imparting a sensation of moderate coldness or comfortable freedom from heat.

Cordial – an invigorating and stimulating medicine, food, or drink.

Cytophylactic – Relating to cytophylaxis. (Cytophylaxis – the protection of cells against cytolysis.) (cytolysis – The dissolution or destruction of a cell.)

D

Decongestant – an agent that relieves congestion (as of mucous membranes).

Degreaser – removes grease.

Deodorant – destroying or masking offensive odors.

Detoxification – a :  to remove a poison or toxin or the effect of such from, b:  to render (a harmful substance) harmless.

Detoxifying – To counteract or destroy the toxic properties of.

Diaphoretic – producing or increasing perspiration.

Digestive – a substance promoting digestion.

Disinfectant -to free from infection especially by destroying harmful microorganisms.

Diuretic – tending to increase the excretion of urine.

E

Emmenagogue – a drug or agent that induces or hastens menstrual flow.

Euphoric – a feeling of great happiness or well-being.

Expectorant – promoting or facilitating the secretion or expulsion of phlegm, mucus, or other matter from the respiratory tract.

F

Febrifuge – serving to reduce fever, as a medicine.

Fixative – a substance used to fix living tissue.

Fungicide – an agent that destroys fungi or inhibits their growth.

G

Galactogogue – any substance that increases milk secretion.

Germicidal – destructive to pathogenic microorganisms.

H

Haemostatic/Hemostatic – an agent that checks bleeding; especially :  one that shortens the clotting time of blood.

Hepatic – A medicinal preparation, usually of herbal origin, used to “tone” and strengthen the liver, increase the flow of bile, and aid in hepatic detoxification (as defined by alternative health practitioners, rather than mainstream physicians).

Hypotensive – causing low blood pressure or a lowering of blood pressure.

I

Immune Stimulant – (Immune) the body’s system of defenses against infective organisms or other foreign bodies invading the body. (Stimulant) Serving as or being a stimulus; stimulating.

Invigorating – To impart vigor, strength, or vitality to; animate.

Insecticidal – a substance or agent used to kill insects and other arthropods.

L

Laxative – having a tendency to loosen or relax; specifically :  producing bowel movements and relieving constipation.

Lipolytic – pertaining to the chemical breakdown of fat.

Lymphatic – of or relating to lymph or its secretion.

M

Moisturizer – a cosmetic preparation, as a cream or lotion, used to restore moisture to the skin, especially of the face and neck.

Mucolytic – capable of dissolving, digesting, or liquefying mucus.

N

Narcotic – medical : a drug that is given to people in small amounts to make them sleep or feel less pain.

Nerve Tonic – a medicine that acts therapeutically upon the nerves, particularly in the sense of a sedative that serves to calm ruffled nerves.

Nervine – a natural substance, such as an herb, which is calming to the nervous system.

Neuroprotective – serving to protect nerve cells from injury or degeneration.

Neurotonic – an agent that improves the tone or force of the nervous system.

P

Parasiticide – an agent that destroys parasites.

Parturient – giving birth or pertaining to birth; by extension, a woman in labor.

Prophylactic – an agent that tends to ward off disease.

Purifier – a device or substance that frees something of extraneous, contaminating, or debasing matter.

R

Radioprotective – giving protection against the effects of radiation.

Refreshing – able to or tending to refresh; invigorating.

Regenerative – tending to or characterized by regeneration.

Repellent (insect) – something that repels, as a substance that keeps away insects.

Revitalizer – to give new vitality or vigor to.

Rubefacient – an herb or substance used to bring blood rapidly to a concentrated area of the skin, thus causing redness of skin.

S

Sedative – allaying irritability, excitement, or nervousness.

Steroidal – any of numerous natural or synthetic compounds containing a 17-carbon 4-ring system and including the sterols and various hormones and glycosides.

Stimulant – an agent (as a drug) that produces a temporary increase of the functional activity or efficiency of an organism or any of its parts.

Stomachic – beneficial to or stimulating digestion in the stomach.

Styptic – tending to check bleeding by contracting the tissues or blood vessels; hemostatic.

Sudorific – causing or increasing sweat.

T

Tonic – a medicine that invigorates or strengthens.

Tonifying/Tonifier – impart tone to (the body or a part of it).

U

Uterine – of, relating to, or affecting the uterus.

V

Vasoconstricting – (vasoconstrictor) an agent that causes narrowing of the blood vessels.

Vasodilator – a drug, agent, or nerve that can cause dilatation (vasodilatation) of the walls of blood vessels.

Vermifuge – destructive to parasitic worms; called also antihelmintic and vermifugal.

Vulnerary – of or relating to a wound or the healing of a wound.

W

Warming – causing or allowing you to feel warm.